Investigations, operations, treaties, news and other current affairs and information concerning Foundation Wiracocha and its environment's performance are shown in this section.
Let's Talk About Soils.
This animated film tells the reality of soil resources around the world, covering the issues of degradation, urbanization, land grabbing and overexploitation; the film offers options to make the way we manage our soils more sustainable. In this sense Foundation Wiracocha seeks solutions to reverse the degradation of soils, give sustainable land use, protect soils (which are the source of existence of an infinite number of living beings), and leave future generations healthy and fertile soils.
This publication was possible thanks to the courtesy and collaboration of:
Global Soil Week globalsoilweek.org
Global Soil Partnership (FAO) www.fao.org/globalsoilpartnership
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies www.iass-potsdam.de
Federal Ministry of Education and Research www.bmbf.de
Ancestral Genetic Union.
The domesticated peanut is an amphidiploid or allotetraploid, meaning that it has two sets of chromosomes from two different species (A. duranensis and A. ipaensis). These probably combined in the wild to form the tetraploid species A. monticola, which gave rise to the domesticated peanut. Likewise there are hypotheses that awarded this genetic union to the agricultural engineering developed and perfected by the pre-Hispanic cultures.
A. hypogaea (peanut plant) has been cultivated for the use of its seeds 8000 or 7000 years ago. The Spaniards noted their consumption to reach the American continent, in a market of the Aztec capital, Mexico-Tenochtitlan. It is believed native to the tropical regions of South America, where some species grow so wild. In Foundation Wiracocha we investigated the origin of this technology, its impact on cultures throughout history and their current socio-economic impact.
Food Wastage Footprint
Global food production must increase by 60% by 2050 in order to meet the demands of the growing world population. Yet, more than one third of the food produced today is lost or wasted. Food loss refers to the decrease in edible food mass at the production, post-harvest and processing stages of the food chain, mostly in developing countries. Food waste refers to the discard of edible foods at the retail and consumer levels, mostly in developed countries. This food wastage represents a missed opportunity to improve food security and comes at a steep environmental price.
The global full costs of food wastage amount to about 2.6 trillion USD per year, including USD 700 billion of environmental costs and USD 900 billion of social costs. Wiracocha Foundation works to restore a balance of production and consumption of food, thus reaching a safety and sustainable food sovereignty for the future.
The pre-Columbian resident domesticated for thousands of years a vast variety of plant species that served them as a great food, very rich in many nutrients, medicinal, organoleptic qualities and other uses; these were largely obtained by the vast complexity of microclimates present in the various Peruvian soils. After Spanish colonization in Peru and subsequent conquest of the Inca Empire, a generalized atmosphere (even present to a lesser extent today) of marginalization and discrimination at all products coming from the culture of the indigenous people was implemented in the country. For this reason many of these plant species were lost irretrievably, many of these were in the process of domestication returning to wild life, many others were forgotten, making believe to the indigenous villager that these vegetables were food inferior, of low-quality, not fit for human consumption, and must only be used to feed the cattle. In Wiracocha Foundation we must rescue, reassess, protect and promote these foods lost in history.
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